pISSN 2234-7518
eISSN 2005-372X

Table. 1.

Pre- and post-treatment cephalometric variables with reference values

Measurement (°) Pretreatment Post-treatment Norm9,*
SNA 79.5 79.0 82.3 ± 3.5
SNB 77.0 77.0 78.9 ± 3.5
ANB 2.5 2.0 3.4 ± 1.8
FMA 33.3 33.3 28.8 ± 5.2
U1 to SN 113.4 101.0 104.5 ± 5.6
IMPA 85.6 83.5 96.3 ± 5.8
FMIA 61.1 63.2 54.6 ± 6.5

SNA, Sella-nasion-A point; SNB, sella-nasion-B point; ANB, A point-nasion-B point; FMA, Frankfort mandibular plane angle; U1 to SN, upper incisor to sella-nasion plane angle; IMPA, incisor mandibular plane angle; FMIA, Frankfort mandibular incisor angle.

*Norm indicates normal values ± standard deviation for a Japanese female.

Korean J Orthod 2020;50:216~226 https://doi.org/10.4041/kjod.2020.50.3.216
© Korean J Orthod