pISSN 2234-7518
eISSN 2005-372X

Table. 7.

Summary of the craniofacial and extra-craniofacial anomalies observed in Korean pre-adolescent patients with Pierre–Robin sequence

Associated anomaly Patient Sex Number of anomalies Extra-craniofacial anomalies Craniofacial anomalies
Absent 3 Female 0
5 Male 0
6 Female 0
7 Male 0
12 Male 0
13 Female 0
17 Female 0
19 Female 0
20 Female 0
21 Female 0
22 Female 0
23 Female 0
Present 1 Female 1 Velocardiofacial syndrome
2 Female 1 Neurofibromatosis (upper trunk)
8 Female 1 Acampomelic campomelic dysplasia
9 Female 1 Tongue tie
10 Male 1 Tongue tie
15 Male 1 Gordon syndrome
16 Female 1 Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease
11 Female 2 Tongue-tie, HFM with Preauricular skin tag
14 Male 2 Cataract Strawberry hemangioma in the scalp
18 Male 2 Retinal detachment Subglottic stenosis
24 Male 2 Coartation of aorta, clinodactyly
25 Male 2 Congenital clubfoot, congenital clasped thumb
4 Male 3 Congenital syndactyly, cryptorchidism, Nager syndrome
26 Male 3 Scoliosis, hemivertebrae HFM with Preauricular skin tag
14 association and 12 no association Sum 11 boys and 15 girls 7 one anomaly, 5 two anomalies and 2 three anomalies 11 patients with 15 kinds 6 patients with 5 kinds

HFM, hemifacial microsomia.

Korean J Orthod 2021;51:337~345 https://doi.org/10.4041/kjod.2021.51.5.337
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