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Original Article

Korean J Orthod 2009; 39(2): 83-94

Published online April 30, 2009 https://doi.org/10.4041/kjod.2009.39.2.83

Copyright © The Korean Association of Orthodontists.

Finite-element investigation of the center of resistance of the maxillary dentition

Gwang-Mo Jeong, DDS, MSD, aSang-Jin Sung, DDS, MSD, PhD, bKee-Joon Lee, DDS, MSD, PhD, cYoun-Sic Chun, DDS, MSD, PhD, d and Sung-Seo Mo, DDS, MSD, PhDe

aGraduate student, Graduate School of Clinical Dental Science, The Catholic University of Korea, Korea.
bAssociate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, University of Ulsan, Asan Medical Center, Korea.
cAssociate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Korea.
dProfessior, Department of Orthodontics, Ehwa Womans University Mokdong Hospital, Korea.
eAssistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, The Catholic University of Korea, St. Mary's Hospital, Korea.

Correspondence to: Sung-Seo Mo. Department of Orthodontics, The Catholic University of Korea, St. Mary's Hospital, 62, Yeouido-dong, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul 150-713, Korea. +82 2 3779 1316; Email: dmoss1@hanmail.net

Received: July 31, 2008; Revised: January 16, 2009; Accepted: January 20, 2009

Abstract

Objective

The aim of this study was to investigate the 3-dimensional position of the center of resistance of the 4 maxillary anterior teeth, 6 maxillary anterior teeth, and the full maxillary dentition using 3-dimensional finite element analysis.

Methods

Finite element models included the whole upper dentition, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. The crowns of the teeth in each group were fixed with buccal and lingual arch wires and lingual splint wires to minimize individual tooth movement and to evenly disperse the forces to the teeth. A force of 100 g or 200 g was applied to the wire beam extended from the incisal edge of the upper central incisor, and displacement of teeth was evaluated. The center of resistance was defined as the point where the applied force induced parallel movement.

Results

The results of study showed that the center of resistance of the 4 maxillary anterior teeth group, the 6 maxillary anterior teeth group, and the full maxillary dentition group were at 13.5 mm apical and 12.0 mm posterior, 13.5 mm apical and 14.0 mm posterior, and 11.0 mm apical and 26.5 mm posterior to the incisal edge of the upper central incisor, respectively.

Conclusions

It is thought that the results from this finite element models will improve the efficiency of orthodontic treatment.

Keywords: Finite element analysis, Center of resistance, Maxillary 4 anterior teeth group, Maxillary 6 anterior teeth group, Full maxillary dentition group