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Original Articles

Korean J Orthod 1994; 24(2): 395-404

Published online June 30, 1994

Copyright © The Korean Association of Orthodontists.

A STUDY ON THE ANTERO-POSTERIOR MORPHOLOGY OF THE UPPER FACE IN ANGLE´S CLASS III MALOCCLUSION PATIENTS

Jee-Hee Lee , Kyung-Suk Cha

Abstract

To find out the antero-posterior morphology of the upper face in Angle´s class III malocclusion patients, 90 patients, adults in Hellman´s Dental age, were used as samples and following results were obtained after the relative comparision of antero-posterior relationship of upper facial structures between Angle´s class I malocclusion patients and Angle´s class III malocclusion patients and of antero-posterior size of upper facial structures to horizontal and vertical structures in each patients. 1. After comparison of the distance from PMV line to anterior margin of maxillary sinus and cheek, which determines the antero-posterior position of the upper face, upper face in Angle´s class III patients are underdeveloped relative to Angle´s class I patients. The distance between orbitale and anterior margin of maxillary sinus were greater in Angle´s class I patients, whic implies thart the upper face in Angle´s class III are depressed. 2. Antero-posterior dimension of anterior cranial base from PMV line and vertical dimension of upper face are statistically insignificant between two groups. After comparing antero-posterior position of upper face to anterior cranial base, the upper face in Angle´s class III patients are depressed antero-posteriorly in relation to anterior cranial base. Following the comparision of antero-posterior position of upper face in relation to vertical dimension of upper face, the upper face in Angle´s class III patients seem to be narrow antero-posteriorly

Keywords: Class III malocclusion , Upper Face , Cephalometrics , Antero-posterior morphology