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Original Articles

Korean J Orthod 1994; 24(4): 787-798

Published online December 31, 1994

Copyright © The Korean Association of Orthodontists.

A CEHALOMETRIC STUDY ON FACIAL MORPHOLOGY IN ANGLE´S CLASS III MALOCCLUSION PATIENTS WITH FACIAL ASYMMETRY

Mee-Kyung Kim , Jeung-Suk Kang , Jong-Ryoul Kim , Woo-Sung Son

Abstract

The purpose of this study was three-fold i) to investigate the degree of asymmetry in Angle´s Class III malocclusion patients and normal adults; ii) to determine the nature of difference existed between two groups; and iii) to investigate the correlationship between the degree of asymmetry and ANB and overbite in Angle´s Class III malocclusion patients. The subjects consisted of 25 Angle´s Class III malocclusion patients and 25 normal adults and the mean ages were 22.0 and 24.5 years, respectively. Their posteroanterior and lateral cephalograms were traced and analysed with three-dimensional approach. The results were as follows: 1. Asymmetry of Angle´s Class III malocclusion group was significant in all regions except cranial base. Their horizontal asymmetry was seen in mandibular angle, maxillary and mandibular 1st molar, mandibular midline and menton. Vertical asymmetry was observed in maxillary 1st molar and mandibular shape and anteroposterior asymmetry in mandibular angle. 2. Nine variables indicating asymmetry were selected and each variable had similar discriminant score. 3. There was a little correlationship between ANB and asymmetric variable(MSR-B6) and its correlation coefficients was 0.3564. 4. There was no significant correlationship between overbite and asymmetric variables.

Keywords: Facial asymmetry , Class III malocclusion