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KJO Korean Journal of Orthodontics

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pISSN 2234-7518
eISSN 2005-372X
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Original Articles

Korean J Orthod 1996; 26(2): 233-244

Published online April 1, 1996

Copyright © The Korean Association of Orthodontists.

Shear bond strength of ceramic and resin brackets used with visible light-cured adhesives

Yu-Sun Hwang , Joon Row , Chung-Ju Hwang

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the shear bond strength obtained from ceramic and plastic brackets bonded with various light-cured adhesives and to evaluate their debonded failure sites. Plastic brackets, Transcend 6000, Signature and Starfire TMB brackets were bonded with Orthobond, Light Bond and Transbond on one hundred forty extracted human premolar teeth as manufacturer´s descriptions. After thermocycling the brackets were debonded with an Instron universal testing machine and the debonded bracket base surfaces were inspected under stereoscope to evaluate the failure sites. Also the shear bond strength and failure patterns with different curing time and with two different source of light were compared. The results were as follows. 1. There were no statistically significant differences among the mean shear bond strength of Orthobond, Light Bond and Transbond in a same bracket group except Plastic bracket group(p<0.05). 2. The mean shear bond strength of each adhesive with different bracket groups showed statistically significant differences. Starfire TMB showed the highest shear bond strength among the brackets in this study, but there was no statistically significant difference with Transcend 6000 while there was statistically significant difference with Signature.(p<0.05) 3. The various bonding failure patterns were occurred among different bracket groups but most of failure sites were bracket base-adhesive interfaces. 4. There were no statistically significant differences in shear bond strength between the groups with curing time of 10 second and 20 second, and between the groups with two different sources of light as long as sufficient light intensity(above 400mW/cm²) were provided(p<0.05). According to the result, it should be considered in clinical use of ceramic bracket with light-cured adhesives that the shear strengths of ceramic brackets were influenced by the retention from of bracket base as well as the composition of bracket and there was no difference in the shear bond strength among various light-cured adhesives used in this study.

Keywords: shear bond strength , light-cured adhesive , ceramic , resin , bracket

Article

Original Articles

Korean J Orthod 1996; 26(2): 233-244

Published online April 1, 1996

Copyright © The Korean Association of Orthodontists.

Shear bond strength of ceramic and resin brackets used with visible light-cured adhesives

Yu-Sun Hwang , Joon Row , Chung-Ju Hwang

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the shear bond strength obtained from ceramic and plastic brackets bonded with various light-cured adhesives and to evaluate their debonded failure sites. Plastic brackets, Transcend 6000, Signature and Starfire TMB brackets were bonded with Orthobond, Light Bond and Transbond on one hundred forty extracted human premolar teeth as manufacturer´s descriptions. After thermocycling the brackets were debonded with an Instron universal testing machine and the debonded bracket base surfaces were inspected under stereoscope to evaluate the failure sites. Also the shear bond strength and failure patterns with different curing time and with two different source of light were compared. The results were as follows. 1. There were no statistically significant differences among the mean shear bond strength of Orthobond, Light Bond and Transbond in a same bracket group except Plastic bracket group(p<0.05). 2. The mean shear bond strength of each adhesive with different bracket groups showed statistically significant differences. Starfire TMB showed the highest shear bond strength among the brackets in this study, but there was no statistically significant difference with Transcend 6000 while there was statistically significant difference with Signature.(p<0.05) 3. The various bonding failure patterns were occurred among different bracket groups but most of failure sites were bracket base-adhesive interfaces. 4. There were no statistically significant differences in shear bond strength between the groups with curing time of 10 second and 20 second, and between the groups with two different sources of light as long as sufficient light intensity(above 400mW/cm²) were provided(p<0.05). According to the result, it should be considered in clinical use of ceramic bracket with light-cured adhesives that the shear strengths of ceramic brackets were influenced by the retention from of bracket base as well as the composition of bracket and there was no difference in the shear bond strength among various light-cured adhesives used in this study.

Keywords: shear bond strength , light-cured adhesive , ceramic , resin , bracket